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Archive for the ‘Fruit Questions’ Category

Delgollune, raised by French nurseryman George Delbard

We have just purchased a property in the Manche region of Normandy and with the property we have over 400 apple tress which produce between 8 – 10 tonnes of fruit. These trees have been looked after by a next door neighbour for many years and, even to our untrained eye, look in need of some proper care. Where could we go to learn about keeping an orchard? How can we identify our apples? Also the next door neighbour informs us that the local cooperative which used to take them now buys its apples from Spain! In the short term ie October this year (as we do not move permanently until next summer), any thoughts on what we could do with our harvest, rather than leave it to rot.

Sue and Kevin Robinson

 

There may be something of use in an article on our main web-site:  http://www.fruitforum.net/growing-apples-organically-in-normandy.htm

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Beth pear April 2018

I can report masses of pear blossom on virtually all of my sixty odd varieties of pear growing in Nottingham. It is without doubt the best for years. Following a bonus of four hot days to get pollinating going, now I ask myself – will the limited amount of bees cope? Fingers crossed no radiation frosts or the return of the ‘Beast from the East’.

Are pears doing well everywhere?

Adrian Baggaley

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Louise Bonne of Jersey pear used to be planted all over Britain. It arose before 1780 in Normandy and came to England via Jersey in 1820.

We have a very large pear tree on an allotment site in York. It is similar in size to the one on your blog and looks fantastic when in flower. We are wondering how to age it and find out what variety it is. The allotment site dates from 1917 and the pear tree is next to a footpath, which is shown on maps from 1850s but could be present much earlier. The allotment tenant is not very keen on the tree as a lot of the fruit falls from such a great height and is wasted. We hope to find out if the tree has historical significance and plan to help with picking the fruit too. Can you give us any advice?

Sara Robin

 

 

Hessle pear, which arose in the village of Hessle near Hull, Yorks; first recorded 1827.

 

Fruit identification sessions for apples and pears are held all over the country during September and October.

You can turn to the fruit books for descriptions of varieties and submit samples of leaves for DNA fingerprinting.

In Yorkshire, Royal Horticultural Society Garden Harlow Carr, near Harrogate, has fruit identification days and the Northern Fruit Group holds sessions and gives advice.

Brogdale Collections at Brogdale, home of the National Fruit Collection, identifies fruit by post.

There are a number of reference books you could use:

The Book of Pears by Joan Morgan (2015), illustrated by Elisabeth Dowle and the companion website with photographs of nearly 500 varieties in the Directory section https://www.thebookofpears.fruitforum.net

Pears by Jim Arbury (1997), illustrations by Sally Pinhey

Handbook of Hardy Fruits (1920) vol. I, by Edward Bunyard

The Fruit Manual by Robert Hogg, 1884, reprinted 2002

Apple and pear varieties can also be identified by DNA fingerprinting using the leaves, see Fruit ID website

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Worcesterberry

Some of our cuttings got mixed up. Does anyone know how to tell the difference between Gooseberry (Invicta) and Worcesterberry, before fruiting?

organiclea

 

Invicta gooseberry

 

For another post on the Worcesterberry see: https://fruitforum.wordpress.com/2008/07/23/worcesterberry-is-it-widely-grown/

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Muscat of Alexandria taking First Prize at the Royal Horticultural Society Show, Westminster, October 2009

I have a muscat grape, now three years in a greenhouse. Last year, even with my inexpert pruning in April, we got several bunches of exquisite grapes. I finally hauled out my Alan Rowe book on grape growing and I find that in fact I should have pruned it in December. Is it okay to (once again!) prune it late, or should I leave the thing wandering all over the greenhouse?

Joanna Sheldon

Successful Grape Growing for Eating and Wine-making by Alan Rowe, 3rd edition 2006, published by Groundnut Publishing.

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Mulberry orchard at Tiptree Farm, Wilkins & Son, makers of Tiptree preserves, Essex. (Photographs by kind permission of Adrian Baggaley and Wilkins & Sons).

 

 

Has anyone any experience in growing mulberries that they can share with us?

Conor McGovern

 

 

Mulberries stain the skin very easily

There has been a mulberry orchard on the farm at Tiptree for over 100 years and many of the original trees have branches that appear to have collapsed to the ground but still produce fruit.  New mulberry trees have been added to the orchard, which in 2017 yielded sufficient to make a limited edition of Tipree Mulberry Jelly.

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Sweet Chestnuts failing to develop

We bought a house 12 years ago with a young sweet chestnut tree (among many others) in the garden. The tree is growing well, appears happy, puts out lots of fruit each year. But only ONE year in 12 have the fruit been usable. Every other year, when you risk your fingers by prising open the spiky ball, the nuts inside have not swelled but are little brown crescents.

I assumed this would improve as the tree matured, but after that one good year it’s gone back to being feeble.

What swells the fruit inside the husk? What’s missing? Water? Warmth? Nutrient?

Other trees in the garden include walnuts, which are happy, and we get several buckets of nuts most years from the grandaddy tree and the two youngsters are starting to produce, and old apple and cherry trees, which also crop well. Our attempts to plant new trees have failed, probably because we are not here enough of the year to water them daily in dry periods, we have given up on new trees for now…

The tree is in the Livradois Forez in central France, at 700m, subject to -15 or lower in cold winters, and +40 at times some summers! For the most part, however, mid twenties and well watered with dry spells.

Chris Comley

 

Sweet Chestnut tree

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